Once you decide to marry - in a religious or a civil service - you must by law make your intentions public in the district, or districts, where you both live.
Those getting married in a church ‘call the banns’. Those opting for a civil ceremony make an appointment with the local registrar to give ‘notice of marriage’ or 'notice of civil partnership' - an official record of permission for the ceremony to take place. Notices are legal documents which must be given in person by both parties. A friend or relative cannot do this.
The registrar then posts a notice publicly for 28 days. This legal requirement gives time for anyone to dispute the validity of the proposed union. After 28 days a civil marriage or partnership can take place.
if you book your ceremony date first, you should post your notices of marriage or civil partnership within eight weeks. If the ceremony is more than a year away, the registrar will advise you when and where you should give your notices.
You must both have lived continuously in any one district of England or Wales for seven days immediately before the date you give notice. If you both live in the same district, if possible you should attend together to give your notices of marriage or civil partnership. It does not matter if either of you move to a different address after the notice has been given.
The notice is valid for 12 months, but is not proof of a marriage or civil partnership. The marriage certificate, issued at the ceremony, is the proof of a marriage or civil partnership.
The cost of posting a notice of marriage or civil partnership is £35 per person.