On this page you will find information about the standards that apply to houses in multiple occupancy (HMOs).

You can also view the full standards document here.

When is a house an HMO?

Your home is an HMO if:

  • It’s rented out by at least three people forming more than one household. A household consists of either a single person or members of the same family who live together.
  • Amenities such as toilets, bathrooms or kitchens are only accessible through a communal area. These amenities are often shared between some or all tenants

Your home is a large HMO if:

  • Rented out by at least five people forming more than one household. A household consists of either a single person or members of the same family who live together.
  • Amenities such as toilets, bathrooms or kitchens are only accessible through a communal area. These amenities are often shared between some or all tenants

Size standards

The space required for rooms will often depend on how many people are living in the property. You can find a full breakdown of these requirements in the full standards document.

Heating

HMOs are legally required to have adequate heating. We also require:

  • that the heating system can heat the whole property
  • that bedrooms and bath/shower rooms have heating
  • that heating is available at all times, and can be controlled by tenants

Further requirements can be found in the full standards document.

Recycling and rubbish

Landlords must ensure that adequate bins are provided for tenants. We also ask landlords to make sure tenants are given the correct information about recycling and rubbish collections.

You can find out more about recycling and rubbish, or view our full requirements and suggestions in the standards document.

If you have concerns

If you have concerns regarding the HMO you live in, you can report an HMO issue online here.