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Your home is a house in multiple occupation (HMO) if both of the following apply:

  • Rented out by at least 3 people forming more than 1 household. A household consists of either a single person or members of the same family who live together.
  • Amenities such as toilets, bathrooms or kitchens are only accessible through a communal area. These amenities are often shared between some or all tenants

Your home is a large HMO if both of the following apply:

  • Rented out by at least 5 people forming more than 1 household. A household consists of either a single person or members of the same family who live together.
  • Amenities such as toilets, bathrooms or kitchens are only accessible through a communal area. These amenities are often shared between some or all tenants

If you live in a large HMO, your landlord needs a licence from the council, and must meet certain standards, such as minimum room sizes.

The minimum bedroom sizes for licensable HMO properties (5 or more occupiers) are as follows:

  • 6.51 m2 for one person over 10 years of age
  • 10.22 m2 for two persons over 10 years of age
  • 4.64 m2 for one child under the age of 10
  • Any areas with a ceiling height of 1.5m and less cannot be counted.

These size conditions are the statutory minimum and local housing authorities will continue to have the discretion to set their own higher standards within the licence conditions. If your room does not meet these size standards landlords can be provided up to 18 months to comply.

More information can be found on the HMO standards document.

If you have concerns regarding the HMO you live in, you can report an HMO issue online here.