Civil injunction is a civil power to stop a person’s ASB escalating and set a clear standard of behaviour. Can include prohibitions and positive requirements. For perpetrators aged 10 or over.
- Who can issue/apply: Various agencies.
- Grounds: Non-housing related ASB – likely to cause harassment, alarm or distress or housing ASB that could cause nuisance and annoyance.
- Typical uses: Drug or alcohol related ASB harassment, noise (tenure-neutral), vandalism, aggressive begging etc.
Criminal Behaviour Order
Criminal Behaviour Order (CBO) is a court order to tackle AB, which is applied following a conviction to any criminal offence. Can include prohibitions and positive requirements.
- Who can issue/apply: CPS (council or police can request).
- Grounds: Can prevent harassment, alarm or distress if perpetrator committed criminal offence and caused harassment, alarm or distress.
- Typical uses: Harassment, hate crime and drunken or rowdy behaviour.
Dispersal powers are powers to remove a person from a specific location for up to 48 hours if authorised by a police inspector or above.
- Who can issue/apply: Police (including PCSOs in some forces).
- Grounds: Committing (or likely to commit) harassment, alarm or distress, or crime or disorder in a public place.
- Typical uses: Alcohol or drug related ASB, lighting fires, illegal raves etc.
Community protection notice
Community protection notice (CPN) is a notice to stop persistently anti-social individuals, businesses or organisations. Can include requirements to stop or do things or take steps to avoid further ASB.
- Who can issue/apply: Council, police (including PCSOs in some forces), some social landlords.
- Grounds: Persistent or continuing conduct which negatively affects community’s quality of life.
- Typical uses: Graffiti, dog fouling, persistent begging, noise disturbance etc.
Public Spaces Protection Order
Public Spaces Protection Order (PSPO) is a type of order designed to protect public spaces from persistently anti-social individuals or groups. Can include reasonable restrictions and requirements.
- Who can issue/apply: Council (in consultation with relevant parties).
- Grounds: Unreasonable behaviour which is (or is likely to be) persistent or continuing and has (or likely to have) a detrimental effect on the local community’s quality of life.
- Typical uses: Dog fouling, alcohol or drug related ASB etc.
Closure powers refer to the power to close premises for up to 48 hours out of court (closure notice) or up to 6 months via court (closure order).
- Who can issue/apply: Police and council
- Grounds: Premises used (or likely to be used) to cause nuisance or disorder.
- Typical uses: Premises where ASB is causing nuisance or disorder – such as noisy premises, environmental pollution, drug or alcohol related etc.
Absolute ground for possession
Absolute ground for possession is a type of power which offers protection and faster relief to victims by quickly evicting the most anti-social tenants.
- Who can issue/apply: Social landlords (council and housing associations) and private landlords.
- Grounds: The tenant, a household member or person visiting has been convicted for serious offence or has breached certain ASB interventions.
- Typical uses: Drug dealing