The queen will emerge in spring and search for a suitable nesting site to construct a small golf ball size nest which will contain around 6 cells.
She will then lay her eggs in the nest within which the eggs will develop into larvae and then into worker wasps. The workers will continue construction of the nest rearing new larvae and new queens.
The nest its self is constructed of small pieces of wood that are chewed down to a pulp
By the end of the summer, if undisturbed, the nest will have grown considerably and may contain between 2000 to 4000 wasps.
Towards the end of the summer the queen wasps and the males will leave the nest to mate. The fertilized queens will then seek out suitable sites to hibernate over winter.
During the autumn when the weather turns colder the nest will be uninhabited as all the workers would have left the nest and died.
The nest then becomes an empty shell and will never be reused again although wasps have been known to build a new nest next to a disused one.