Bed bugs hide themselves in mattresses, within bed frames, under bed bases, within bed headboards, behind loose wallpaper, within paintings, wall sockets, behind wall partitioning, suspended ceilings, skirting boards and on clothing or furnishings - anywhere with a dark crack that provides cover.
Bed bugs are not known to carry disease. However, they feed on human blood, usually at night whilst people are asleep in their beds. These bites cause irritation and itching. Some people are particularly sensitive to the bites and experience an allergy and inflammation, especially to the arms and shoulders - this can be quite severe and require medical attention.
The presence of bed bugs in a room can be detected by the following:
- blood spotting on bedding
- brown dropping spots close to where they live and on bedding
- white-ish un-hatched and hatched eggs
- in heavy infestations, a sweet almond smell is common
- bed bugs are not normally seen during the day